Akai Haato

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Akai Haato

Akai Haato - Portrait 01.png

Akai Haato - Portrait 3D 01.png

Akai Haato - Portrait 02.jpg

Akai Haato - Portrait 3D 03.png

Akai Haato - Portrait 04.png

Akai Haato - Portrait 05.png

Akai Haato - Portrait 06-1.png

"Oharuju! Akai Haato yo!"
Japanese Name赤井はあと
English NameAkai Haato
Chinese Name赤井心
Debut DateJune 2, 2018 (YouTube)
January 28, 2019 (bilibili)
IllustratorMain: HaruYuki
6th: さばみぞれ[1]
Live2D ModelingMain (Current): 入江燈[2]
New Year: はちゃち[3]
6th : 入江燈[4]
Main (2018): fumi[5]
3D Modelingぽんぷ長[6]
Member ofHololive 1st Gen
Fan NameHaaton (はあとん)
Emoji /
Oshi Mark
❣️ Twemoji12 2764.svg
Official Media
YouTubeAkaihaato Ch. 赤井はあと
Akai Haato Sub 赤井はあと
Websitehololive.tv (English)
hololive.tv (Japanese)
Other@akaihaato - OPENREC.tv
BirthdayAugust 10
(old) #はあとch
English Streams#赤井イングリッシュ
Clips (old)#ここ好きはあと様
Akai Haato - Signature.png

Channel Logo - Akai Haato 01.png
Introduction Video
Official Bio
Streaming Info
Other Media
External links

Introduction Video

Official Bio

"Welcome to your rouge awakening! This is Akai Haato!"

"A sassy kouhai. She is often prickly, however she manages to demand lots of attention from those with whom she has been getting along well. She loves red ribbons and heart shapes and often adds them to her hair and dresses."


Akai Haato is a member of Hololive 1st Generation.

Her name "Akai" translates to "red" and "Haato" is how Japanese pronounces the word "heart", so she is strongly associated with the color red and hearts.

Haato is a Japanese exchange student currently studying in Australia.


Haato is weak to horror and jumpscares and will cry easily if she makes a mistake. She started out as a Tsundere but has since become more sociable. Despite the air of superiority she displays (sometimes even teasing/light bullying her fans), she will not hesitate to play the fool to entertain the audience. When she gets all emotional and serious, she really, really opens up to her audience about her feelings and problems.

Haato often does things on a whim and is self-centered. She’s a contrarian that tends to find things bothersome in addition to being very hasty and easily bored. She plays around with this personality with her viewers, but her true nature is that she is very loving with her viewers.

Her actions and choice of words stand out for being childish, but what also stands out is how she sometimes really behaves like a grownup and shows her philosophical thinking.



  • May 20 Twitter account creation date.
  • May 23 YouTube channel creation date.
  • June 02 YouTube debut, and first uploaded video.[7]
  • July 13 Achieved a 10,000 YouTube subscriber milestone.[8]
  • Nov. 27 Achieved a 25,000 YouTube subscriber milestone.[9]
  • Dec. 26 Revealed her second Live2D outfit.[10]


  • Jan. 25 Revealed her main 3D model.[11]
  • Mar. 01 Achieved a 100,000 bilibili subscriber milestone.[12]
  • Mar. 16 Achieved a 50,000 YouTube subscriber milestone.[13]
  • Apr. 17 Received a 3D model update.[14]
  • June 06 Achieved a 77,777 YouTube subscriber milestone.[15]
  • July 09 Revealed her 3D swimsuit outfit.[16]
  • Sep. 01 Achieved a 100,000 YouTube subscriber milestone.[17]
  • Dec. 09 Creation date of the YouTube sub-channel as a result of her main channel getting demonetized. Ceased activity on sub-channel as a result of the main channel regaining monetization.


  • Jan. 01 Revealed her Live2D New Years outfit.[18]
  • Jan. 24 Participated in Hololive's first live, "Nonstop Story", and debuted her 3D Idol outfit.
  • Feb. 01 Main channel regained monetization.
  • Feb. 12 Achieved a 200,000 YouTube subscriber milestone.[19].
  • Mar. 18 Achieved a 250,000 YouTube subscriber milestone.[20]
  • Apr. 07 Membership feature opened.[21]
  • May 05 Achieved a 300,000 YouTube subscriber milestone.[22]
  • July 03 Achieved a 400,000 YouTube subscriber milestone during her R18 art review stream.[23]
  • July 30 Her main Live2D outfit was updated to "Ver.2.0".[24]
  • Aug. 08 Participated in bilibili World.[25]
  • Aug. 16 Achieved a 500,000 YouTube subscriber milestone.[26]
  • Sep. 29 Achieved a 600,000 YouTube subscriber milestone.
  • Oct. 26 Revealed her fourth Live2D outfit.[27]
  • Oct. 28 Achieved a 700,000 YouTube subscriber milestone during her cooking stream.[28]
  • Nov. 27 Achieved a 800,000 YouTube subscriber milestone.[29]


  • Jan. 12 Achieved a 900,000 YouTube subscriber milestone during a karaoke stream.[30]
  • Feb. 10 Achieved a 1,000,000 YouTube subscriber milestone.[31]

Streaming Information

Her fans are called "Haaton" (はあとん). It is a combination words of Haato + Ton/豚 (Pig). Haatons are portrayed as yellow pig characters with a notable beheaded mark around their necks.

Streamer Side
Scene Lines Romaji Meaning / Notes
Greetings はあちゃまっちゃま~! Haachama-chama~!
Introduction はあちゃまこと、赤井はあとで~す! Haachama koto, Akai Haato de~su! Translation: "Haachama here, also known as Akai Haato!"
Farewell おつるーじゅ! Otsuruuju! Otsurouge! - Portmanteau of "otsukaresama" (meaning "thanks for the hard work") and "rouge" ("red" in french)
Viewer Side
Scene Lines Romaji Meaning / Notes
Waiting はあちゃまっちゃま~!
はあちゃますきすき <3
Haachama sukisuki <3

suki = like
Greetings はあちゃまっちゃま~! Haachama-chama~!
Farewell おつるーじゅ! Otsuruuju! See Streamer Farewell
YouTube Membership Perks
Badges and Emoji Perk Levels
Akai Haato - Membership Perks.png
  • Members-only Badges and Emoji
  • Members-only live stream
  • Includes access to perks from previous level
  • Members-only live stream
    Ability to watch ASMR stream archives
Oil magnate Haaton💘VIP
  • Includes access to perks from previous levels
  • Unreleased videos

Other Media


  • Cooking streams are one of Haachama’s representative streams. There are times when she cooked well, but usually things that resemble industrial waste are created.
  • She’s often mistaken for a Half-Japanese. But actually, she is 1/4th British.[32]
  • Following her family’s plan, she is studying abroad in a virtual foreign country (virtual Australia).[33]
    • As of March 2020, Haato is unable to return to Japan due to immigration restrictions in accordance with the international COVID-19 measures.[34]
  • While Haato is currently studying in Australia and originally lived in Japan, she has also visited Singapore and the Philippines in the past.[35]
  • Haato had many complications in her life as an exchange student. For example, she attended a prison-like school in the Philippines [36], and in another case, a suspicious gun-wielding person came to her school in Australia.[37]
  • Haato can speak English, however, she only has a few words which she can properly pronounce with confidence. She also often asks her viewers for help with the meaning of words she does not understand.
    • As a result of being far away from Japan for so long and not studying under a Japanese school, Haato's knowledge of literary Japanese and her Kanji are below the par for an ordinary Japanese citizen. When reading complicated texts, she often asks for help with kanji she cannot read from her Japanese viewers.
    • Capitalizing on this weakness, she created a short series in April 2020 where she would read a piece of literature and instantly stop the stream if she does not read the kanji right.[38]
  • In the large-scale collaboration stream “The King of Funny Answers to English Tests!” (ホロライブ珍回答王) , Haato ended up being corrected again and again by the native English speaker Kiryuu Coco. Furthermore, despite being the host, Haato was crowned as the first King of Funny Answers competition.[39]
  • She has a very good relationship with her sister as evidenced by them going out and singing the song "Shiny Smily Story" together.[40]
  • Once, she forgot to turn on her stream while playing Getting Over It. Viewers and fans in chat acted and sent messages as if they were watching her play. Thanks to this, Haato “air-streamed” for 30 minutes until she finally realized that she was not actually streaming. She unleashed a great wail of lamentation and regret. However, after the stream has ended, she left the stream in her archive and this stream has turned into a sublime meme that is remembered and occasionally brought up by fans for fun to this day.[41]
  • She had ballet experience in her childhood, and physical training is one of her strong points. In her 3D stream, she showed it off by contorting herself into an amazing Bridge from a standing upright position.[42]
  • In an education level test, Haato did not know that there were 47 prefectures in Japan. Also, some ridiculous aspects of her are revealed on that stream. For instance, she believed that the prefectures of Japan are in other foreign countries and that Level 10 of the Kanken Test is the most difficult level.[43]
  • Shares the same Illustrator with the following VTubers:
  • Her channel used to be verified, but she lost it after she changed account name to Haachama Ch. Other verified members can be found here.

The Haachama Saga

This first began when Haato felt that her initial nickname of Haato-sama was too distant so in one of her streams, she made up a story about her sister calling her "Haachama". Haato had admitted at the end of the stream that the story was made up and apologized for it.[44][45] During the 2020 Hololive New Year's stream, the Haachama nickname came up again thanks to Okayu[46] screaming it out loud whenever Haato did something clumsy. The name was then popularized by Marine later on.[47]

It was during the time when she was in Australia that she began to put out more boundary pushing and crazier content that Haachama is known for. The first emergence of Haachama can be traced back to a Getting Over It playthrough stream in which she played with her feet (giving up mid-way), paused for a moment to take a whiff of their scent[48] and even later stated that she enjoys sniffing them.[49] That same day she had a drawing stream where she also used her feet to try to draw some hololive members.[50] Interestingly enough, the first time she used "Haachama chama" as her greeting phrase instead of "Oharuuju" was also a Getting Over It playthrough stream[51] which featured the well known Haachama Opening theme song[52] composed by REDALICE.

She then had another stream where she hosted a press conference to announce that she sniffed her own feet and exclaimed that they were smelly,[53] then afterwards went on to review feet videos sent by haatons. The content that she produced since then became wilder and more unrestricted. These included R18+ Lewd Illustration review streams[54][55] as well as short clips that are seemingly senseless and incomprehensible even to her Japanese viewers[56][57]. Her unarchived ASMR streams were also nothing short of extraordinary and somewhat absurd. As time progressed she went on to change her YouTube channel name to "Haachama Ch. 赤井はあと" thus fully cementing the existence of Haachama.

Haato vs Haachama Arc

The Haato vs Haachama story arc is a storyline consisting of a series videos exhibiting the battle between the two personalities, Haachama and Akai Haato, to retain control and remain the as the sole existence[58]. The story was heavily horror themed and featured numerous pieces of fan made content that further added to the lore and story progression. Fans showed their support for each side by using the hashtags #ONLYHAACHAMA, #FREEHAATO or #ONLYHAATO while others used #COEXIST to express their desire for both personalities to exist peacefully together.

However, on the 3rd of March 2021 she privated all the Haato vs Haachama lore videos and stated she would be unable to finish the story due to new rules from hololive management[59]. She also announced that she would be taking a break citing she wants to find herself[60]. The break lasted 27 days before she returned with a stream titled #COEXIST on the 30th of March.[61] She mentioned the reason she started the Haato vs Haachama arc story was because of a tweet she posted that stated she had planned something special for hitting 1 million subscribers though she didn't have anything concrete yet.[62]

The idea for the arc started when she held a stream playing Minecraft using her old model and basically started building the story from there[63]. The horror elements were added as she already enjoyed horror related content though she hadn't intended for it to be the main theme of the story. However as more fan art from her Haatons was created, she realized that they also enjoyed such kind of content as well and decided to go along with it. She also mentioned that being an Anime Voice Actor and releasing a movie or anime had always been a dream of hers and doing this story was a step closer towards achieving that dream[64].

Haato Cooking

Haato is known to her fans and other hololive members for her unusual way of cooking and the use of mysterious ingredients. Occasionally Haato does cooking streams where she has a mounted camera to capture the cooking process and takes pictures of the final product. Haato always eats her food, and usually states that it's delicious. The running joke between fans (EN and JP) is that Haato's cooking streams are a form of torture.

Haato mentioned that she cannot eat eggs or derived products due to allergies, perhaps contributing to her unusual taste in food and ingredients. Her other allergies include Kiwi fruits and Avocado's [65][66]

Logo - hololive (Textless).png No speculations and rumors, just fun facts!


Image Gallery


Original Songs

The following are original songs by Haato.


【 REDHEART 】 Full Ver.

Shiny Smily Story


Kirameki Rider [hololive 1st fes. "Nonstop Story"]


The following are a list of albums Haato has made or participated in.

Collab Singles
Shiny Smily Story
Album Cover Art - Shiny Smily Story.jpg
Release Date September 16, 2019
Track List
  1. Shiny Smily Story
  2. Shiny Smily Story (Instrumental)
External links
Digital Release
Yumemiru Sora e
Album Cover Art - Yumemiru Sora e.png
Release Date February 17, 2020
Track List
  1. 夢見る空へ
  2. 夢見る空へ (Instrumental)
External links
Digital Release
Album Cover Art - Surprise Paradise.png
Release Date October 31, 2020 (Music Video Only)
Track List
External links
 • Music Video

Cover Songs

The following are a list of songs covered by Haato.

Solo Covers
Instrumental N/A Illustration きちはち
Mixing らずのん Video Editing 近所のにーちゃん
Original Link/s YouTube YouTube
Shape of You
Instrumental AmraXismet Illustration 妄想
Mixing ごず Video Editing Herself
Original Link/s YouTube YouTube
ワールドイズマイン (World is Mine)
Instrumental N/A Illustration clear
Mixing ごず Video Editing Herself
Original Link/s NicoNico NicoNico
千本桜 (Senbonzakura / Thousand Cherry Blossoms)
Instrumental 演奏 Illustration Neps
Mixing ごず Video Editing はなけん
Original Link/s NicoNico NicoNico
sweets parade
Instrumental かそかそ Illustration 伊予瀬椛浮世ギアルまきえ
Mixing ぴろぱる Video Editing N/A
Original Link/s YouTube YouTube
私、アイドル宣言 (Watashi, Idol Sengen)
Instrumental N/A Illustration 成海七海
Mixing ごず Video Editing 近所のにーちゃん
Original Link/s YouTube YouTube
Don't Start Now
Instrumental Sing King Illustration チノマロン
Mixing ごず Video Editing Herself
Original Link/s YouTube YouTube
All I Want For Christmas Is You
Instrumental N/A Illustration ほっとかき氷
Mixing Kijibato Video Editing 近所のにーちゃん
Original Link/s YouTube YouTube
Ievan Polkka
Instrumental Ne⁺ Illustration N/A
Mixing N/A Video Editing SquareoftheLightOnes
Original Link/s YouTube YouTube, NicoNico NicoNico
Worth it
Instrumental Mafuyu Illustration Makinan, Taro (logo)
Mixing Mafuyu Video Editing herself
Original Link/s YouTube YouTube
Take Me Home, Country Roads
Instrumental RLucra Karaoke TV - High Quality Audio Illustration 妄想
Mixing Ne⁺ Video Editing ポケモン大好きももも
Original Link/s YouTube YouTube
We Will Rock You
Instrumental Azato Hiiragi, GT-R1060 (Violin), はるえる (Recorder), 彩縞アヤ (Electric Guitar), ささやけのさらさら (Electric Bass), まふゆ (Piano), はこぴー (Cajón, Splash cymbal, Tambourine), りりるる (Taiko), まさやん (Electronic Drums) Illustration N/A
Mixing Ne⁺ Video Editing Ƹ̵̡Ӝ̵̨̄Ʒ
Original Link/s YouTube YouTube
ぽっぴっぽー (Poppipo~)
Instrumental Ne⁺ Illustration SquareoftheLightOnes, QB
Mixing Ne⁺ Video Editing チェックめいとん
Original Link/s YouTube YouTube
Collab Covers
夏祭り (Natsu Matsuri / Summer Festival)
Sang by Akai Haato, Natsuiro Matsuri
Instrumental 生音風カラオケ屋 Illustration いかり
Mixing ごず Video Editing 斜戸ゆぐ
Original Link/s YouTube YouTube
お願いマッスル (Onegai Muscle)
Sang by Tokino Sora, Roboco, Sakura Miko, Hololive 1st Generation, Hololive 2nd Generation, Hololive GAMERS, Hololive Fantasy, Yuujin - A
Mixing キジバト Video Editing N/A
Original Link/s YouTube YouTube


The following are a list of background music Haato has used in her streams and videos.

Title 準備体操 Usage Old stream BGM
Made by いまたく Link/s
Title 良心が強すぎる泥棒的なBGM Usage Minecraft BGM
Made by 鷹尾まさき(タカオマサキ) Link/s
From PeriTune
Title Guitar_Melancholy2 Usage Chill BGM/Late night Minecraft.
Made by PeriTune Link/s
Title ChoirWaltz_loop1 Usage #BYEBYEHAACHAMA Stream music
Made by PeriTune Link/s
Made for Haato
Title 赤井2分クッキング Usage Cooking Stream BGM
Made by NE+ Link/s


Title はあちゃまはあちゃまっちゃま Usage Opening BGM
Made by REDALiCE Link/s
Akai Haato Haachama hsp remix
Title Akai Haato Haachama hsp remix Usage Ending BGM
Made by かんざきひろ Link/s



  1. (Oct. 26, 2020). Retrieved from https://twitter.com/i/web/status/1320716968236781570
  2. (July 30, 2020). Retrieved from https://twitter.com/i/web/status/1288861678549913601
  3. (Jan. 1, 2020). Retrieved from https://twitter.com/i/web/status/1212252746570551296
  4. (Oct. 26, 2020). Retrieved from https://twitter.com/i/web/status/1320715534078332936
  5. (June 2, 2018). Retrieved from https://twitter.com/i/web/status/1002862348141379585
  6. (Apr. 17, 2019). Retrieved from https://twitter.com/i/web/status/1118487183810125824
  7. (June 2, 2018) Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZDoyb3CWQnE
  8. (July 13, 2018) Retrieved from https://twitter.com/i/web/status/1017957196208824320
  9. (Nov. 27, 2018) Retrieved from https://twitter.com/i/web/status/1067366897522331649
  10. (Dec. 26, 2018) Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_x7_v9M2tU4
  11. (Jan. 25, 2019) Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ag-RB-z9LWU
  12. (Mar. 1, 2019) Retrieved from https://twitter.com/i/web/status/1101597800591089664
  13. (Mar. 16, 2019) Retrieved from https://twitter.com/i/web/status/1106879364363218944
  14. (Apr. 17, 2019) Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vD_nLaXNROA
  15. (June 6, 2019) Retrieved from https://twitter.com/i/web/status/1136617563310288896
  16. (July 9, 2019) Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xBRsUdZJ8Xc
  17. (Sep. 1, 2019) Retrieved from https://twitter.com/i/web/status/1168364601366339584
  18. (Jan. 1, 2020) Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yRISYOQqLv8
  19. (Feb. 12, 2020) Retrieved from https://twitter.com/i/web/status/1227504907244036096
  20. (Mar. 18, 2020) Retrieved from https://twitter.com/i/web/status/1240197544627453955
  21. (Apr. 7, 2020) Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=t-jiFzc8S1A
  22. (May 5, 2020) Retrieved from https://twitter.com/i/web/status/1257711197240975360
  23. (July 3, 2020) Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZJAyreyppVA?t=3123
  24. (July 30, 2020) Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-0J0IInuypo
  25. (Aug 8, 2020) Retrieved from https://bw.bilibili.com/2020/index.html#/bw
  26. (Aug 16, 2020) Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AeAB2m19ecU?t=677
  27. (Oct. 26, 2020). Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Gv2WN7YozW0
  28. (Oct. 28, 2020) Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BcEYwXT0HY8?t=2665
  29. (Nov. 27, 2020) Retrieved from https://twitter.com/i/web/status/1332313857126133760
  30. (Jan. 12, 2021) Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=iKVkn2lNW4Y
  31. (Feb. 10, 2021) Retrieved from https://www.reddit.com/r/Hololive/comments/lgo6rq/akai_haato_celebrates_1000000_subscribers/
  32. (Feb. 26, 2019) Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=J4fG4qtCky0&start=693
  33. (Aug. 15, 2018) Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=i-_aVb1lYbY
  34. (May 18, 2020) Retrieved from https://twitter.com/i/web/status/1240107019849232384
  35. (Oct. 23, 2020) Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XDKFy0Z2EH4
  36. (July 25, 2018) Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jSXNBwYlWHM&t=16m
  37. (Aug. 14, 2018) Retreived from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wcuVRU_g5pM&t=5m
  38. (May 22, 2020) Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ME0dWOhZ4Ms
  39. (Feb. 12, 2020) Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=I7_t4e-QTGw
  40. (Jan. 25, 2020) Retrieved from https://twitter.com/i/web/status/1220998213932445696
  41. (Jun. 16, 2018) Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NgR8XUVxe6w?t=1268
  42. (Apr. 17, 2019) Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vD_nLaXNROA
  43. (June 22, 2018) Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TwTh-mW8cYE&t=16s
  44. (May 30, 2019) Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BS_ijJJhQ_Y
  45. (Mar. 5, 2020) Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7pPeGyYIKHQ?t=7123
  46. (Dec. 31, 2019) Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3wMWjEct8Hw?t=1693
  47. (Feb. 12, 2020) Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=I7_t4e-QTGw?t=2444
  48. (Mar. 15, 2020) Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gcVq6RrTAuk&t=444s
  49. (Mar. 15, 2020) Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gcVq6RrTAuk&t=489s
  50. (Mar. 15, 2020) Retreived from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uue_C0v9Dpk
  51. (Apr 19, 2020) Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AM99ebLuqUY
  52. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=H3KvMgoA1C4
  53. (Mar. 15, 2020) Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=baRgVvRS-xY&t=0s
  54. (Jul 3, 2020) Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZJAyreyppVA&t=3s
  55. (Feb 8, 2021) Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rzqr9AuKi0I&t=0s
  56. (July. 13, 2020) Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UdNsz8y3Bwg
  57. (July. 22, 2020) Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLQoA24ikdy_mqFTElyU2Tozs_gw9u9HPU
  58. Retrieved from https://youtube.com/playlist?list=PLQoA24ikdy_lqxvb6f70g1xTmj2u-G3NT
  59. (Mar. 3, 2021) Retrieved from https://twitter.com/akaihaato/status/1367100811071737861/photo/1
  60. (Mar. 3, 2021) Retrieved from https://twitter.com/akaihaato/status/1367129817116667913
  61. (Mar. 30, 2021) Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LTcpdUrF4iM
  62. (Feb. 4) Retrieved from https://twitter.com/akaihaato/status/1357195394128646144
  63. (Feb. 4, 2021) Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=z9vWQzb_Znw
  64. (Mar. 30, 2021) Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LTcpdUrF4iM
  65. (Nov. 13, 2020) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=y4vIw_NqFcc?t=1750
  66. (Feb. 11, 2019) Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nt5oT_blGPA&t=52m22s

External links